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OkHttp 3 使用 PersistentCookieJar 自动处理 Cookie

neo created at5 years ago view count: 5789

配置

在 build.gradle 里面添加

allprojects {
    repositories {
        ...
        maven { url "https://jitpack.io" }
    }
}
dependencies {
    compile 'com.github.franmontiel:PersistentCookieJar:v1.0.1'
}

使用

ClearableCookieJar cookieJar =
                new PersistentCookieJar(new SetCookieCache(), new SharedPrefsCookiePersistor(context));
OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient.Builder()
                .cookieJar(cookieJar)
                .build();

OkHttp 2

如果是使用OkHttp 2的项目使用下面的代码

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2015 Fran Montiel
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

public class PersistentCookieStore implements CookieStore {
    private static final String TAG = PersistentCookieStore.class
            .getSimpleName();

    // Persistence
    private static final String SP_COOKIE_STORE = "cookieStore";
    private static final String SP_KEY_DELIMITER = "|"; // Unusual char in URL
    private static final String SP_KEY_DELIMITER_REGEX = "\\"
            + SP_KEY_DELIMITER;
    private SharedPreferences sharedPreferences;

    // In memory
    private Map<URI, Set<HttpCookie>> allCookies;

    public PersistentCookieStore(Context context) {
        sharedPreferences = context.getSharedPreferences(SP_COOKIE_STORE,
                Context.MODE_PRIVATE);
        loadAllFromPersistence();
    }

    private void loadAllFromPersistence() {
        allCookies = new HashMap<URI, Set<HttpCookie>>();

        Map<String, ?> allPairs = sharedPreferences.getAll();
        for (Entry<String, ?> entry : allPairs.entrySet()) {
            String[] uriAndName = entry.getKey().split(SP_KEY_DELIMITER_REGEX,
                    2);
            try {
                URI uri = new URI(uriAndName[0]);
                String encodedCookie = (String) entry.getValue();
                HttpCookie cookie = new SerializableHttpCookie()
                        .decode(encodedCookie);

                Set<HttpCookie> targetCookies = allCookies.get(uri);
                if (targetCookies == null) {
                    targetCookies = new HashSet<HttpCookie>();
                    allCookies.put(uri, targetCookies);
                }
                // Repeated cookies cannot exist in persistence
                // targetCookies.remove(cookie)
                targetCookies.add(cookie);
            } catch (URISyntaxException e) {
                Log.w(TAG, e);
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public synchronized void add(URI uri, HttpCookie cookie) {
        uri = cookieUri(uri, cookie);

        Set<HttpCookie> targetCookies = allCookies.get(uri);
        if (targetCookies == null) {
            targetCookies = new HashSet<HttpCookie>();
            allCookies.put(uri, targetCookies);
        }
        targetCookies.remove(cookie);
        targetCookies.add(cookie);

        saveToPersistence(uri, cookie);
    }

    /**
     * Get the real URI from the cookie "domain" and "path" attributes, if they
     * are not set then uses the URI provided (coming from the response)
     *
     * @param uri
     * @param cookie
     * @return
     */
    private static URI cookieUri(URI uri, HttpCookie cookie) {
        URI cookieUri = uri;
        if (cookie.getDomain() != null) {
            // Remove the starting dot character of the domain, if exists (e.g: .domain.com -> domain.com)
            String domain = cookie.getDomain();
            if (domain.charAt(0) == '.') {
                domain = domain.substring(1);
            }
            try {
                cookieUri = new URI(uri.getScheme() == null ? "http"
                        : uri.getScheme(), domain,
                        cookie.getPath() == null ? "/" : cookie.getPath(), null);
            } catch (URISyntaxException e) {
                Log.w(TAG, e);
            }
        }
        return cookieUri;
    }

    private void saveToPersistence(URI uri, HttpCookie cookie) {
        SharedPreferences.Editor editor = sharedPreferences.edit();

        editor.putString(uri.toString() + SP_KEY_DELIMITER + cookie.getName(),
                new SerializableHttpCookie().encode(cookie));

        editor.apply();
    }

    @Override
    public synchronized List<HttpCookie> get(URI uri) {
        return getValidCookies(uri);
    }

    @Override
    public synchronized List<HttpCookie> getCookies() {
        List<HttpCookie> allValidCookies = new ArrayList<HttpCookie>();
        for (URI storedUri : allCookies.keySet()) {
            allValidCookies.addAll(getValidCookies(storedUri));
        }

        return allValidCookies;
    }

    private List<HttpCookie> getValidCookies(URI uri) {
        List<HttpCookie> targetCookies = new ArrayList<HttpCookie>();
        // If the stored URI does not have a path then it must match any URI in
        // the same domain
        for (URI storedUri : allCookies.keySet()) {
            // Check ith the domains match according to RFC 6265
            if (checkDomainsMatch(storedUri.getHost(), uri.getHost())) {
                // Check if the paths match according to RFC 6265
                if (checkPathsMatch(storedUri.getPath(), uri.getPath())) {
                    targetCookies.addAll(allCookies.get(storedUri));
                }
            }
        }

        // Check it there are expired cookies and remove them
        if (!targetCookies.isEmpty()) {
            List<HttpCookie> cookiesToRemoveFromPersistence = new ArrayList<HttpCookie>();
            for (Iterator<HttpCookie> it = targetCookies.iterator(); it
                    .hasNext(); ) {
                HttpCookie currentCookie = it.next();
                if (currentCookie.hasExpired()) {
                    cookiesToRemoveFromPersistence.add(currentCookie);
                    it.remove();
                }
            }

            if (!cookiesToRemoveFromPersistence.isEmpty()) {
                removeFromPersistence(uri, cookiesToRemoveFromPersistence);
            }
        }
        return targetCookies;
    }

   /* http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6265#section-5.1.3

    A string domain-matches a given domain string if at least one of the
    following conditions hold:

    o  The domain string and the string are identical.  (Note that both
    the domain string and the string will have been canonicalized to
    lower case at this point.)

    o  All of the following conditions hold:

        *  The domain string is a suffix of the string.

        *  The last character of the string that is not included in the
           domain string is a %x2E (".") character.

        *  The string is a host name (i.e., not an IP address). */

    private boolean checkDomainsMatch(String cookieHost, String requestHost) {
        return requestHost.equals(cookieHost) || requestHost.endsWith("." + cookieHost);
    }

    /*  http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6265#section-5.1.4

        A request-path path-matches a given cookie-path if at least one of
        the following conditions holds:

        o  The cookie-path and the request-path are identical.

        o  The cookie-path is a prefix of the request-path, and the last
        character of the cookie-path is %x2F ("/").

        o  The cookie-path is a prefix of the request-path, and the first
        character of the request-path that is not included in the cookie-
        path is a %x2F ("/") character. */

    private boolean checkPathsMatch(String cookiePath, String requestPath) {
        return requestPath.equals(cookiePath) ||
                (requestPath.startsWith(cookiePath) && cookiePath.charAt(cookiePath.length() - 1) == '/') ||
                (requestPath.startsWith(cookiePath) && requestPath.substring(cookiePath.length()).charAt(0) == '/');
    }

    private void removeFromPersistence(URI uri, List<HttpCookie> cookiesToRemove) {
        SharedPreferences.Editor editor = sharedPreferences.edit();
        for (HttpCookie cookieToRemove : cookiesToRemove) {
            editor.remove(uri.toString() + SP_KEY_DELIMITER
                    + cookieToRemove.getName());
        }
        editor.apply();
    }

    @Override
    public synchronized List<URI> getURIs() {
        return new ArrayList<URI>(allCookies.keySet());
    }

    @Override
    public synchronized boolean remove(URI uri, HttpCookie cookie) {
        Set<HttpCookie> targetCookies = allCookies.get(uri);
        boolean cookieRemoved = targetCookies != null && targetCookies
                .remove(cookie);
        if (cookieRemoved) {
            removeFromPersistence(uri, cookie);
        }
        return cookieRemoved;

    }

    private void removeFromPersistence(URI uri, HttpCookie cookieToRemove) {
        SharedPreferences.Editor editor = sharedPreferences.edit();
        editor.remove(uri.toString() + SP_KEY_DELIMITER
                + cookieToRemove.getName());
        editor.apply();
    }

    @Override
    public synchronized boolean removeAll() {
        allCookies.clear();
        removeAllFromPersistence();
        return true;
    }

    private void removeAllFromPersistence() {
        sharedPreferences.edit().clear().apply();
    }

}
report
回复
0

Android Studio 找不到com.github.franmontiel:persistentcookiejar

报 failed to resolve: com.github.franmontiel:persistentcookiejar:v1.0.1

5 years ago 回复
0

看下配置这个添加没有

allprojects {
    repositories {
        maven { url "https://jitpack.io" }
    }
}
5 years ago 回复
0

persistentcookiejar中保存的cookie没有保存本地, APP退出后就消失咯。

5 years ago 回复
1

消失的这情况是因为服务端设置了cookie过期是时间的。让写API的人改下, 或者抓包看看。

5 years ago 回复
0

之前一天掉线也是让server端解决的。

4 years ago 回复

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