[systemd-devel] [ANNOUNCE] systemd 235
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[systemd-devel] [ANNOUNCE] systemd 235
[systemd-devel] [ANNOUNCE] systemd 235
lennart at poettering.net
Fri Oct 6 08:24:52 UTC 2017
Heya! I am happy to announce systemd 235: https://github.com/systemd/systemd/archive/v235.tar.gz Enjoy! CHANGES WITH 235: * A new modprobe.d drop-in is now shipped by default that sets the bonding module option max_bonds=0. This overrides the kernel default, to avoid conflicts and ambiguity as to whether or not bond0 should be managed by systemd-networkd or not. This resolves multiple issues with bond0 properties not being applied, when bond0 is configured with systemd-networkd. Distributors may choose to not package this, however in that case users will be prevented from correctly managing bond0 interface using systemd-networkd. * systemd-analyze gained new verbs "get-log-level" and "get-log-target" which print the logging level and target of the system manager. They complement the existing "set-log-level" and "set-log-target" verbs used to change those values. * journald.conf gained a new boolean setting ReadKMsg= which defaults to on. If turned off kernel log messages will not be read by systemd-journald or included in the logs. It also gained a new setting LineMax= for configuring the maximum line length in STDOUT/STDERR log streams. The new default for this value is 48K, up from the previous hardcoded 2048. * A new unit setting RuntimeDirectoryPreserve= has been added, which allows more detailed control of what to do with a runtime directory configured with RuntimeDirectory= (i.e. a directory below /run or $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR) after a unit is stopped. * The RuntimeDirectory= setting for units gained support for creating deeper subdirectories below /run or $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR, instead of just one top-level directory. * Units gained new options StateDirectory=, CacheDirectory=, LogsDirectory= and ConfigurationDirectory= which are closely related to RuntimeDirectory= but manage per-service directories below /var/lib, /var/cache, /var/log and /etc. By making use of them it is possible to write unit files which when activated automatically gain properly owned service specific directories in these locations, thus making unit files self-contained and increasing compatibility with stateless systems and factory reset where /etc or /var are unpopulated at boot. Matching these new settings there's also StateDirectoryMode=, CacheDirectoryMode=, LogsDirectoryMode=, ConfigurationDirectoryMode= for configuring the access mode of these directories. These settings are particularly useful in combination with DynamicUser=yes as they provide secure, properly-owned, writable, and stateful locations for storage, excluded from the sandbox that such services live in otherwise. * Automake support has been removed from this release. systemd is now Meson-only. * systemd-journald will now aggressively cache client metadata during runtime, speeding up log write performance under pressure. This comes at a small price though: as much of the metadata is read asynchronously from /proc/ (and isn't implicitly attached to log datagrams by the kernel, like UID/GID/PID/SELinux are) this means the metadata stored alongside a log entry might be slightly out-of-date. Previously it could only be slightly newer than the log message. The time window is small however, and given that the kernel is unlikely to be improved anytime soon in this regard, this appears acceptable to us. * nss-myhostname/systemd-resolved will now by default synthesize an A/AAAA resource record for the "_gateway" hostname, pointing to the current default IP gateway. Previously it did that for the "gateway" name, hampering adoption, as some distributions wanted to leave that host name open for local use. The old behaviour may still be requested at build time. * systemd-networkd's [Address] section in .network files gained a new Scope= setting for configuring the IP address scope. The [Network] section gained a new boolean setting ConfigureWithoutCarrier= that tells systemd-networkd to ignore link sensing when configuring the device. The [DHCP] section gained a new Anonymize= boolean option for turning on a number of options suggested in RFC 7844. A new [RoutingPolicyRule] section has been added for configuring the IP routing policy. The [Route] section has gained support for a new Type= setting which permits configuring blackhole/unreachable/prohibit routes. * The [VRF] section in .netdev files gained a new Table= setting for configuring the routing table to use. The [Tunnel] section gained a new Independent= boolean field for configuring tunnels independent of an underlying network interface. The [Bridge] section gained a new GroupForwardMask= option for configuration of propagation of link local frames between bridge ports. * The WakeOnLan= setting in .link files gained support for a number of new modes. A new TCP6SegmentationOffload= setting has been added for configuring TCP/IPv6 hardware segmentation offload. * The IPv6 RA sender implementation may now optionally send out RDNSS and RDNSSL records to supply DNS configuration to peers. * systemd-nspawn gained support for a new --system-call-filter= command line option for adding and removing entries in the default system call filter it applies. Moreover systemd-nspawn has been changed to implement a system call whitelist instead of a blacklist. * systemd-run gained support for a new --pipe command line option. If used the STDIN/STDOUT/STDERR file descriptors passed to systemd-run are directly passed on to the activated transient service executable. This allows invoking arbitrary processes as systemd services (for example to take benefit of dependency management, accounting management, resource management or log management that is done automatically for services) — while still allowing them to be integrated in a classic UNIX shell pipeline. * When a service sends RELOAD=1 via sd_notify() and reload propagation using ReloadPropagationTo= is configured, a reload is now propagated to configured units. (Previously this was only done on explicitly requested reloads, using "systemctl reload" or an equivalent command.) * For each service unit a restart counter is now kept: it is increased each time the service is restarted due to Restart=, and may be queried using "systemctl show -p NRestarts …". * New system call filter groups @aio, @sync, @chown, @setuid, @memlock, @signal and @timer have been added, for usage with SystemCallFilter= in unit files and the new --system-call-filter= command line option of systemd-nspawn (see above). * ExecStart= lines in unit files gained two new modifiers: when a command line is prefixed with "!" the command will be executed as configured, except for the credentials applied by setuid()/setgid()/setgroups(). It is very similar to the pre-existing "+", but does still apply namespacing options unlike "+". There's also "!!" now, which is mostly identical, but becomes a NOP on systems that support ambient capabilities. This is useful to write unit files that work with ambient capabilities where possible but automatically fall back to traditional privilege dropping mechanisms on systems where this is not supported. * ListenNetlink= settings in socket units now support RDMA netlink sockets. * A new unit file setting LockPersonality= has been added which permits locking down the chosen execution domain ("personality") of a service during runtime. * A new special target "getty-pre.target" has been added, which is ordered before all text logins, and may be used to order services before textual logins acquire access to the console. * systemd will now attempt to load the virtio-rng.ko kernel module very early on if a VM environment supporting this is detected. This should improve entropy during early boot in virtualized environments. * A _netdev option is now supported in /etc/crypttab that operates in a similar way as the same option in /etc/fstab: it permits configuring encrypted devices that need to be ordered after the network is up. Following this logic, two new special targets remote-cryptsetup-pre.target and remote-cryptsetup.target have been added that are to cryptsetup.target what remote-fs.target and remote-fs-pre.target are to local-fs.target. * Service units gained a new UnsetEnvironment= setting which permits unsetting specific environment variables for services that are normally passed to it (for example in order to mask out locale settings for specific services that can't deal with it). * Units acquired a new boolean option IPAccounting=. When turned on, IP traffic accounting (packet count as well as byte count) is done for the service, and shown as part of "systemctl status" or "systemd-run --wait". * Service units acquired two new options IPAddressAllow= and IPAddressDeny=, taking a list of IPv4 or IPv6 addresses and masks, for configuring a simple IP access control list for all sockets of the unit. These options are available also on .slice and .socket units, permitting flexible access list configuration for individual services as well as groups of services (as defined by a slice unit), including system-wide. Note that IP ACLs configured this way are enforced on every single IPv4 and IPv6 socket created by any process of the service unit, and apply to ingress as well as egress traffic. * If CPUAccounting= or IPAccounting= is turned on for a unit a new structured log message is generated each time the unit is stopped, containing information about the consumed resources of this invocation. * A new setting KeyringMode= has been added to unit files, which may be used to control how the kernel keyring is set up for executed processes. * "systemctl poweroff", "systemctl reboot", "systemctl halt", "systemctl kexec" and "systemctl exit" are now always asynchronous in behaviour (that is: these commands return immediately after the operation was enqueued instead of waiting for the operation to complete). Previously, "systemctl poweroff" and "systemctl reboot" were asynchronous on systems using systemd-logind (i.e. almost always, and like they were on sysvinit), and the other three commands were unconditionally synchronous. With this release this is cleaned up, and callers will see the same asynchronous behaviour on all systems for all five operations. * systemd-logind gained new Halt() and CanHalt() bus calls for halting the system. * .timer units now accept calendar specifications in other timezones than UTC or the local timezone. * The tmpfiles snippet var.conf has been changed to create /var/log/btmp with access mode 0660 instead of 0600. It was owned by the "utmp" group already, and it appears to be generally understood that members of "utmp" can modify/flush the utmp/wtmp/lastlog/btmp databases. Previously this was implemented correctly for all these databases excepts btmp, which has been opened up like this now too. Note that while the other databases are world-readable (i.e. 0644), btmp is not and remains more restrictive. * The systemd-resolve tool gained a new --reset-server-features switch. When invoked like this systemd-resolved will forget everything it learnt about the features supported by the configured upstream DNS servers, and restarts the feature probing logic on the next resolver look-up for them at the highest feature level again. * The status dump systemd-resolved sends to the logs upon receiving SIGUSR1 now also includes information about all DNS servers it is configured to use, and the features levels it probed for them. Contributions from: Abdó Roig-Maranges, Alan Jenkins, Alexander Kuleshov, Andreas Rammhold, Andrew Jeddeloh, Andrew Soutar, Ansgar Burchardt, Beniamino Galvani, Benjamin Berg, Benjamin Robin, Charles Huber, Christian Hesse, Daniel Berrange, Daniel Kahn Gillmor, Daniel Mack, Daniel Rusek, Daniel Șerbănescu, Davide Cavalca, Dimitri John Ledkov, Diogo Pereira, Djalal Harouni, Dmitriy Geels, Dmitry Torokhov, ettavolt, Evgeny Vereshchagin, Fabio Kung, Felipe Sateler, Franck Bui, Hans de Goede, Harald Hoyer, Insun Pyo, Ivan Kurnosov, Ivan Shapovalov, Jakub Wilk, Jan Synacek, Jason Gunthorpe, Jeremy Bicha, Jérémy Rosen, John Lin, jonasBoss, Jonathan Lebon, Jonathan Teh, Jon Ringle, Jörg Thalheim, Jouke Witteveen, juga0, Justin Capella, Justin Michaud, Kai-Heng Feng, Lennart Poettering, Lion Yang, Luca Bruno, Lucas Werkmeister, Lukáš Nykrýn, Marcel Hollerbach, Marcus Lundblad, Martin Pitt, Michael Biebl, Michael Grzeschik, Michal Sekletar, Mike Gilbert, Neil Brown, Nicolas Iooss, Patrik Flykt, pEJipE, Piotr Drąg, Russell Stuart, S. Fan, Shengyao Xue, Stefan Pietsch, Susant Sahani, Tejun Heo, Thomas Miller, Thomas Sailer, Tobias Hunger, Tomasz Pala, Tom Gundersen, Tommi Rantala, Topi Miettinen, Torstein Husebø, userwithuid, Vasilis Liaskovitis, Vito Caputo, WaLyong Cho, William Douglas, Xiang Fan, Yu Watanabe, Zbigniew Jędrzejewski-Szmek — Berlin, 2017-10-06 Lennart -- Lennart Poettering, Red Hat
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