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fast-fuzz

 9 months ago
source link: https://www.npmjs.com/package/fast-fuzz
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Fast-Fuzz, the First Intelligent Fuzzing Framework for Typescript

Fuzzing framework that allows for the generation of unit test argument and result pairs for a given Typescript project. Uses IstanbulJS for branch coverage and class-transformer for type instance generation.

The Mocha testing framework is recommended. You can use TS-Mocha (along with the "@types/mocha" and "@types/chai" typings) for tests that are written in TypeScript. The Jest framework is clobbering the global variable global.__coverage__ and, in general, has trouble in dealing with ESM modules and Typescript.

Getting Started

npm i -D reflect-metadata fast-fuzz

The project requires reflect-metadata in the fuzzed project. Further, the target also needs:

  • To be a Typescript project with a src and dist folder. These can be set through options.

  • tsconfig.json enables decorators:

    {
      "compilerOptions": {
        ...
        "experimentalDecorators": true,
        "emitDecoratorMetadata": true,
        ...
      }
    }
  • Typings .d.ts files are generated in the dist folder by adding the following to tsconfig.json:

{
  "compilerOptions": {
    ...
    "declaration": true, 
    ...
  }
}
  • The code analyzer expects several code idiosyncrasies that are described below.

Usage and Options

There are two ways to invoke the fast-fuzz package:

  • Through code:
import { fastFuzz } from 'fast-fuzz';

async Main () {
  await fastFuzz(
    projectFolder,
    maxTime, maxRuns,
    methods, classes,
    source, dist,
    verbose
  );
}
Main();
  • Command line:
fast-fuzz
  -i, --input <path>            Path of the Typescript project.

  Optional:
  -V, --version                 output the version number
  -t, --maxTime <milliseconds>  The maximum time(ms) per function. Actual value is multiplied by 4. Default = 10s.
  -n, --maxRuns <milliseconds>  The maximum count of runs per function. Default = 100e3.
  -m, --methods <RegExp>        A Regex expression to filter the methods to test.
  -c, --classes <RegExp>        A Regex expression to filter the classes to test.
  -s, --source <path>           Path of the source folder relative to the project.
  -d, --dist <path>             Path of the binary folder relative to the project.
  -q, --quiet <true>           Only output the results JSON
  -h, --help                    display help for command

The target code usually needs to be decorated with:

  • Property decorators. This is how objects are created!
import { Fuzz } from 'fast-fuzz';

export class Foo {
  
  @Fuzz.prop(
    'boolean' | 'integer' | 'float' | 'date' | 'string'
    dimension, // Dimension of array. For single value (default) = 0.
    
    // Only for built-in types.
    min,
    max
  )
  bar: Bar;
}

Use the @Fuzz.propType(Class.name, dimension) decorator for custom types, abstract, and interfaces. Properties can be set to undefined or null using the @Fuzz.skipProp decorator.

  • Method and argument decorators :
import { Fuzz } from 'fast-fuzz';

export class Foo {
  
  @Fuzz.method  // Always necessary to pick up the method, logs an error if it's missing.
  bar (
    @Fuzz.arg('built-in') arg // Same API as the property.
  ) {
    return arg;
  }
}

Use the @Fuzz.argType(Class.name, dimension) decorator for custom types, abstract, and interfaces. Methods can be skipped from testing using the @Fuzz.skipMethod decorator.

Arguments can be set to undefined or null using the @Fuzz.skipArg decorator.

Without decoration, it is still able to fuzz any types that have only built-in types and methods with built-in arguments. However, the values do not have limits so they will take much longer to test.

Code Style Tips

Types

  • Type arguments for arguments and properties not yet tested, e.g. function Foo(arg: Bar<Type>) {}.
  • Function types for arguments and properties not yet tested, e.g. function Foo(arg: () => Type) {}.
  • Export types for testing.
  • Types in different files should not be named the same. This might be fixed soon.
  • Type declarations with similar names should be ordered alphabetically, especially for similar names.
  • Imported types should be ordered alphabetically, especially for similar names.
  • Use static classes instead of namespaces to include their methods in the fuzzing.

Methods

  • Don't name static methods the same as instance ones.
  • Order methods with similar names alphabetically.
  • Return types should not contain brackets ( or ) because they are used to detect method signatures.
  • Async methods are generally slower to fuzz than synchronous ones, and drastically slower if there is any sort of waiting, even 1ms.
  • Constructors are skipped for now, and objects are constructed from their properties.

Literals

  • Literals that are used for comparison to arguments should be left in the method. These are used by the fuzzer to stuff the arguments' values.
  • All unrelated literals should be put at the beginning of the file.
  • Any methods that are not exported or within a class should not contain literals as these will be picked up by the earlier fuzzed method in the file. Another option is to put ineligible methods before the fuzzed ones.

TODO Priorities

  • figure out the overall perf...
  • linting
  • Clean up the detected literals from falsy values.
  • Add file name to prop type not found error.
  • Intermediate results.
  • Benchmarking of target functions to determine the best run time and number of tests.
  • Side-by-side single and multithreaded runners.
  • Integration testing by stuffing arguments between methods by type.
  • Redundant runner for results.
  • Option to run the constructors.
  • Get rid of the Intermock dependency and allow same type names across files.

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