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Encode/decode modern JavaScript, e.g. Map, Set, typed Arrays for JSON.stringify...

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原文链接: https://github.com/anywhichway/js-codex

js-codex

Encode and decode modern JavaScript, e.g. Map, Set, NaN, Infinity, typed Arrays for JSON.stringify and JSON.parse.

JSON.stringify and JSON.parse are of high utility for serializing JSON data and restoring it for later use. However, they were both designed prior to the introduction of a large number of JavaScript objects that do not serialize and subsequently restore well, i.e. Set , Map , all of the typed arrays like Int8Array . Additionally, JSON.stringify loses semantic information unless toJSON methods are implemented for each class. The js-codex library solves this problem and supports serializaton preparation for all native JavaScript classes and learns custom classes without semantic loss.

Usage

Here is an example that covers many special JavaScript cases and classes as well as a custom class:

<script type="module">
	import {Codex} from "../js-codex.js";

	const codex = new Codex(),
		Person = function(config={}) {
			Object.assign(this,config);
			// create hidden metadata property
			Object.defineProperty(this,"^",{value:Object.assign({},config["^"])});
			// add a unique id, if one does not exist
			if(!this["#"]) {
				this["#"] = `Person@${Math.random()}`; // good enough for demo
			}
			// set the createdAt metadata, if it does not exist
			if(!this["^"].createdAt) {
				this["^"].createdAt = new Date();
			}
		},
		data = {
			anUndefined: undefined,
			aBoolean: true,
			aNumber: 1,
			aString: "a string",
			aDate: new Date(),
			aBigInt: BigInt("9007199254740991"),
			aCustomObject: new Person({name:"joe"}),
			aSet: [1,NaN,Infinity,undefined]
				.reduce((accum,value) => accum.add(value),new Set()),
			aMap: [["a",1],["b",NaN],["c",Infinity],["d",undefined],[{name:"test"},{name:"test"}]]
				.reduce((accum,[key,value]) => accum.set(key,value),new Map()),
			anInt8Array: Int8Array.from([1,2,3]),
			aBigInt64Array: BigInt64Array.from([9007199254740991n,"9007199254740991"])
		};
	navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(async (location) => {
		const references = {};
		data.aGeolocation = location;
		const encoded = codex.encode(data,{idProperty:"#",references,hiddenProperties:["^"]});
		console.log(encoded);
		console.log(await codex.decode(JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(encoded)),{references}));
	});
</script>

API

The API is presented in order of likely use.

declare({ctor,name=ctor.name,decode,create,encode})

Extends codex to support the named class. The core encoder will automatically learn new classes based on the instances it is passed. If the same Codex instance is used for decoding, declare will not usually be needed. However, if you are decoding on a remote device, then you will nned to provide the functions for the Codex to use.

ctor - The class constructor.

name - Classname for which to support encoding and decoding.

decode - Optional. Function to decode class. Has the same signature as decode below. If not provided an attempt with by made to create an instance using a create function passed all the decoded data as an Object . If no create function can be found, then Object.create is used with the class prototype and the data is assigned to the instance.

create - Optional. Factory function to create an instance based on a single config object containing all decoded data. May be asynchronous. If not provided and needed a search for a factory will be conducted by looking at the class to see if it has a static method create .

encode - Optional. Function to encode class instance. Has the same signature as encode below. If not provided, a search will be made by first looking for an encode method on the data passed to encode and next for a static method named encode on the class of the data passed to encode .

encode(data,{idProperty,hiddenProperties=[],references}={})

Encodes the data so it can be serialized using JSON.stringify . Supports circular references so long as the objects referenced have an idProperty .

data - The data to encode. Can be anything including undefined .

idProperty - Optional. The key in which unique object identifiers are stored, e.g. _id or # .

hiddenProperties - Optional. An array of hidden, i.e. non-enumerable, property names to include in the encoded data.

references - An object, the entries of which will be unique object ids and objects when encode returns.

async decode(data,{isReference,references}={})

Decodes data. It is asynchronous because decoding data will frequently require asynchronous retrieval of referenced objects form a database based on their ids.

data - The data to decode. Can be anything.

isReference(value) - A function that returns truthy if the value passed is an object reference, i.e. an id pulled from the idProperty field specified with encode .

references - Either a function or an object. If a function, when passed a unique object id it should return the object. It may be asynchronous. Typically, this will be a database getter. Or, an object, the keys of which are unique object ids and the values are objects to substitute for the ids, e.g. the references object populated by encode .

License

MIT

Release History (reverse chronologicla order)

2020-02-16 v0.0.2a ALPHA Corrected typo in declare function signature.

2020-02-16 v0.0.1a ALPHA Initial public release


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