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在Spring boot中使用Redis GeoHash

 2 weeks ago
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在Spring boot中使用Redis GeoHash


当涉及到Redis时,一种非常方便的数据结构是GeoHash数据结构。本质上它是一个排序集,根据经度和纬度生成一个分数。

我们将使用 Compose 启动一个 Redis 数据库:

services:
  redis:
    image: redis
    ports:
      - 6379:6379

运行:docker compose up

依赖:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <groupId>org.example</groupId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
 
    <artifactId>location-service</artifactId>
 
    <properties>
        <maven.compiler.source>11</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>11</maven.compiler.target>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    </properties>
 
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
            <version>2.7.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.18.24</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
            <version>2.7.5</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

我们将从配置开始。为了方便注入,我们将创建一个 GeoOperations<String,String> bean:

package org.location;
 
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.GeoOperations;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
 
@Configuration
public class RedisConfiguration {
 
    @Bean
    public GeoOperations<String,String> geoOperations(RedisTemplate<String,String> template) {
        return template.opsForGeo();
    }
 
}

模型:

package org.location;
 
import lombok.Data;
 
@Data
public class Location {
 
    private String name;
    private Double lat;
    private Double lng;
 
}

这个简单的服务将保留场地位置并获取位置附近的场地

package org.location;
 
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
 
import org.springframework.data.geo.Circle;
import org.springframework.data.geo.Distance;
import org.springframework.data.geo.GeoResult;
import org.springframework.data.geo.GeoResults;
import org.springframework.data.geo.Metrics;
import org.springframework.data.geo.Point;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.RedisGeoCommands;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.GeoOperations;
import org.springframework.data.redis.domain.geo.GeoLocation;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
 
@Service
public class GeoService {
 
    public static final String VENUS_VISITED = "venues_visited";
    private final GeoOperations<String, String> geoOperations;
 
    public GeoService(GeoOperations<String, String> geoOperations) {
        this.geoOperations = geoOperations;
    }
 
    public void add(Location location) {
        Point point = new Point(location.getLng(), location.getLat());
        geoOperations.add(VENUS_VISITED, point, location.getName());
 
    }
 
    public List<String> nearByVenues(Double lng, Double lat, Double kmDistance) {
        Circle circle = new Circle(new Point(lng, lat), new Distance(kmDistance, Metrics.KILOMETERS));
        GeoResults<RedisGeoCommands.GeoLocation<String>> res = geoOperations.radius(VENUS_VISITED, circle);
        return res.getContent().stream()
                  .map(GeoResult::getContent)
                  .map(GeoLocation::getName)
                  .collect(Collectors.toList());
    }
 
}

添加控制器:

package org.location;
 
import java.util.List;
 
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
 
@RestController
public class LocationController {
 
    private final GeoService geoService;
 
    public LocationController(GeoService geoService) {
        this.geoService = geoService;
    }
 
    @PostMapping("/location")
    public ResponseEntity<String> addLocation(@RequestBody Location location) {
        geoService.add(location);
        return ResponseEntity.ok("Success");
    }
 
    @GetMapping("/location/nearby")
    public ResponseEntity<List<String>> locations(Double lng, Double lat, Double km) {
        List<String> locations = geoService.nearByVenues(lng, lat, km);
        return ResponseEntity.ok(locations);
    }
 
}

测试:
加入数据:

curl --location --request POST 'localhost:8080/location' \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{
    "lng": 51.5187516,
    "lat":-0.0814374,
    "name": "liverpool-street"
}'

查数据:

curl --location --request GET 'localhost:8080/location/nearby?lng=51.4595573&lat=0.24949&km=100'
> [
    "liverpool-street"
]

检查Redis:

ZRANGE venues_visited 0 -1 WITHSCORES
1) "liverpool-street"
2) "2770072452773375"

 


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